Notice the verse doesn't say god causes evil and suffering, just that he promises to cause good to emerge and notice that the verse doesn't say we all will see immediately or even in this life how god has caused good to emerge from a bad circumstance.
Suffering, like all other human experiences, is directed by the sovereign wisdom of god in the end, we learn that we may never know the specific reason for our suffering, but we must trust in our sovereign god that is the real answer to suffering another example of suffering in the bible is joseph’s story in the book of genesis. Those who reject the sovereignty of god will either ignore clear verses on god’s sovereignty over our suffering (like job 1:21 2:10 42:11) or assign it (as rowley does) to the possibly mistaken view of the human characters. Finally, in the case of job, both satan and job believe that it is god who causes suffering so what is satan’s role in all of this based on what we see in job, satan is actively involved in at least some of the suffering we face a safe conclusion is this: god is ultimately responsible for and is the ultimate cause of our suffering.
Does god cause or allow suffering so satan has power, but it is all by permission from god, and it is never out of control our prayers matter in these times to say that god causes suffering simply so he can draw us closer to him would be like saying as a mother i would willingly break my sons arm just so i could set it and.
In other words, god never causes the trials we face or the suffering that follows to do so would be wicked, but “god does not act wickedly” to do so would be wicked, but “god does not act wickedly. Why doesn’t god make people unable to cause suffering to do that, god would have to take away our ability to choose but choice – free will – is a good thing. Whether god allows, as he did with job, for satan to afflict a man with sickness and suffering (cf matt 17:14–18 luke 13:10–16), or whether god himself designs a man's affliction, ultimately he ordains it all and controls it all.
More than that, does god cause the suffering that plagues us god’s character this question has caused countless people to evaluate their faith, question their beliefs, and, in some cases, abandon the idea that there is a god at all.